Types of Motors used in EV | Single, Dual, Three & Four Motor Configuration in EV

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Types of Motors used in EV | Single, Dual, Three & Four Motor Configuration in EV

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How does Electric Motor Work?
An electric car motor uses a current to create a magnetic field at the fixed part of the machine, called the stator, whose displacement sets in motion of a rotating part (called the “rotor”).

Understanding how an electric motor work is pretty simple. Here’s a simplified explanation of how a car's four-pole three-phase AC induction motor works.

It starts with the battery in the car that is connected to the motor. Electrical energy is supplied to the stator by the car’s battery. The coils within the stator (made from the conducting wire) are arranged on opposite sides of the stator core and act as magnets.

Therefore, when the electrical energy from the car battery is supplied to the motor, the coils create rotating magnetic fields that pull the conducting rods on the outside of the rotor behind it. The spinning rotor creates the mechanical energy needed to turn the car gears, which, in turn, rotates the tires.

Various types of Electric Motors are
1. Brushed DC Motor
2. Brushless DC Motor
3. Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
4. Induction Motors
5. Switched Reluctance Motors
6. Synchronous Reluctance Motor
7. Axial Flux Ironless Permanent Magnet Motor

Electric cars are available in different drivetrain options. The placement of the electric motor plays a very important role in the power delivery and purpose of the vehicle.

EVs can come in different configurations, such as a single motor, dual motor, three motor, or a separate motor for each wheel.

Types of Powertrains in EV:

According to the number of motors used in vehicle and their configuration, existing powertrain EVs can be classified into two types: the centralized single motor-driven powertrain and the distributed multi-motor driven powertrain.

The centralized motor single motor speed-driven powertrain is the most common structure in modern EVs.

Some EVs focused on the distributed multi-motor is driven powertrains. The multi-motor driven powertrain is mainly classified into three categories.
1. Dual motor powertrain
2. Triple motor powertrain and
3. Four motor powertrain

---- Time Stamp ---
00:00 - Intro
00:49 - How does Electric Motor Work?
01:54 - Types of Electric Motors
02:27 - Brushed DC Motor
03:19 - Brushless DC Motor
04:09 - Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
05:04 - Induction Motors
06:00 - Switched Reluctance Motors
06:40 - Synchronous Reluctance Motor
07:15 - Axial Flux Ironless Permanent Magnet Motor
07:54 - Different Motor Configurations used in EVs
08:30 - Single Motor Configuration
10:09 - Dual Motor Configuration
12:52 - Triple Motor Configuration
14:04 - Four Motor Configuration
15:14 - Wrap up

Disclaimer:
This video is just for educational purposes only. We are not in the auto repair business nor publish automotive service manuals. This video is not reviewed or authorized by any vehicle manufacturer. This video is intended only as general guidance. Every system is slightly different, so refer to the owner’s manual of your vehicle for any specific information about your model. Remember that only proper service and repair procedures will ensure your car's safe and reliable operation.

Copyright Disclaimer:
Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational, or personal use tips the balance favor of fair use.

Watch our video on Electric Cars & How They Work: https://youtu.be/tJfERzrG-D8
Watch the video on In-Wheel Motor: https://youtu.be/yS3w2IjkzxU

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